Tag Archives: Turquie

Women’s march

Original Source: UNNECESSARY NEWS FROM EARTH with Migo

  • Turkey:

Hulya Sen; she was working as a family doctor in Istanbul before April 16, presidental referendum of Turkey, but after April 16, she resigned from her office and began a march to Ankara, the capital city of Turkey for the annulment of the referendum.

turkey protests referendum
-April 17 is the start day of Dr. Hulya Sen march; in Kadıkoy square while she is greeting the other “No” activists when they are sitting.-

Dr. Hulya Sen has said about the start of the march from Istanbul to Ankara:

“The results of the referendum were announced at same night in April 16, I was in Kadıkoy square. There were tens of thousands of people at there, and none of them was seemed in a state to go back homes already. There was a rejection, there was nonacceptance; because, the referendum was shady, there were the ballots without an authenticating stamp to count. People walked rightward to leftward in Kadıkoy. They entered the streets, then they went out. The rain started and everyone went home. We woke to a day with “yes”. I did not have anything to go and study. I also do not believe that the state is the same state which I started to work 25 years ago. ‘I need to separate my road,’ said to myself. I resigned and decided to go for a march. It was kind of desperation. Because, this is a situation which neither the people can seat nor can sleep; also can not work. Walking was helping for me, that was what came to mind. I’ve started a person, but I am no longer single person. I know we’re a huge crowd.”

The result of referendum that Dr. Hulya Sen mentioned, has been announced as “the yes vote is about 51.4% and, 48.6% for the no vote” for a new presidental sytem of Turkey.

According to the result of the referendum, the map of Turkey has been shaped as follows.

turkey map referendum hayir evet yes no
Hayır means “no” ; Evet means “yes” in Turkish

The area’s size which belongs to higher “yes” votes, so colourised with white color seems bigger than the area’s size which belongs to higher “no” votes, so colorised with orange color. However, the population of “No” votes area is higher than the “Yes” votes area in Turkey. Especially at the west cities, more than half of population of including Istanbul, Izmir, also Ankara the capital, and total 17 metropol cities’ population gave “no” vote against the new presidental system of Turkey. (In Turkey there are 30 metropol cities)

Of course, the cities with more “No” votes are the cities of higher populations and the cities with more “yes” votes are the lower population cities, do not indicate that “no” will be the dominant result. It can be said that the situation can be balanced between the lower population cities where “yes” votes reaches to 70% or 80% and two major populations of Turkey such as Istanbul and Ankara where the 51% “no” votes outcome. For example, in Istanbul about 11 million voters number is equal with almost 15 middle cities’ voters number in Anatolia. If these 15 middle cities gave the “yes” votes in high percent, so let’s say average is about 75%, this can be balanced the Istanbul 51% “no” votes. But it is still very difficult question to answer: How can be possible this result, while about 49 million people live in these 17 metropol plus 16 other cities where the “no” votes are higher? Turkey population according to last datas, is about 80 million. In this regard at the population of the cities where the “yes” votes are higher, is about 31 million people.

Before Dr. Hulya Sen started to her march, the question mark about the ballots without an authenticating stamp to count, has been confusing for many people, as she stated.

What is the issue about the ballots without an authenticating stamp?

The day 16 of April, on referendum day.

Before the referandum, High Electoral Board of Turkey, YSK, had been announced also made a video about how referendum will be made for the voters and the parties’ officials who will work on the ballot boxes. According to rules of referendum the ballots and the envelopes which ballots will put in, had to be officially stamped. However, while voting was underway, even half an hour before the end of voting in western cities and half an hour after voting in eastern cities is over -(in Turkey west cities’ voting process is finishing in 5 pm, east cities in 4 pm)- High Electoral Board of Turkey announced the ballots’ envelopes that had not been officially stamped, will be accepted.

“Both the opposition and the OSCE focused on a decision taken on Sunday by the High Electoral Board…he OSCE said the decision broke Turksh election law. The board “issued instructions late in the day that significantly changed the ballot validity criteria, undermining an important safeguard and contradicting the law,” the OSCE said…Opposition parties said that 1.5 million unstamped ballots had been illegally counted – enough to swing an election that had been decided by about 1.38 million votes, according to state news agency figures.” -quotes from the news of telegraph.co.uk

Another woman, Meral Aksener who seperated her political road from Turkish Nationalist Party MHP, like the other opponents was trying to reach to tv channels for hearing her voice, she was saying that, “Don’t leave the ballot boxes, there is huge manipulation from state news agency figures which were broadcasted on tv channels right now.”

Meral Aksener

Same night the people were on the streets in many city of Turkey, the women at the forefront, the people made the protest agaist the result of referandum and High Electoral Board of Turkey, YSK.

The writings on banners at referendum protests: “They will not able lock the women in homes” , “No means no.”

April 17-18, after referendum, Dr. Hulya Sen was on the roads towards to Ankara. She was making the statement to the local newspaper and she was saying that:

“High Electoral Board, YSK did not accept any objections, but we were expecting a different decision, you are seeing that the people gathering and saying they do not accept it. They want to walk with me, but I do not think it’s possible to walk together in the conditions of the OHAL (acronym of the state of emergency in Turkish). In fact, I think that it is not possible to propose a constitution under the conditions of OHAL. We are confronted with the imposition of a constitution without the internalization of the material, unless OHAL is removed and people have not discussed the constitutional amendment. Moreover, the election results are questionable.”

This has been subject to the OSCE report of referendum of Turkey:

“A failed coup attempt on 15 July 2016 left at least 241 people dead and 2,194 injured. In response to the attempted coup, as well as a wave of terror attacks that shook the country in 2016, the government declared a state of emergency on 21 July and extended it twice since, most recently for another 90 days starting on 19 January. Mass arrests and the prosecution under emergency decrees of over100,000 and continued detention of over 40,000 individuals, as well as dismissals of over 150,000 civil servants, followed. The state of emergency that restricted fundamental freedoms, as well as the ongoing security operations in the southeast that resulted in several hundred thousand people fleeing their homes, led to questions as to whether conditions were in place to permit a democratic referendum. In its opinion on the amendments to the Constitution, the Venice Commission noted that “the current state of emergency does not provide for the due democratic setting for a constitutional referendum.”

OSCE is continuing it’s report about campaigning of the parties:

“The campaign was characterized by the lack of a level playing field. The significantly more visible ‘Yes’ campaign, led by the governing AKP and to some extent the MHP, was supported by several leading national officials and many lower level public officials, including the prime minister and thepresident, who under the constitution is required to remain non-partisan and perform his duties without bias. These instances blurred the line between party and state… Supporters of the ‘No’ campaign faced a number of undue limitations on their freedom to campaign. Many ‘No’ campaigners suffered physical attacks. A high number were arrested, most often on charges of organizing unlawful public events or insulting the president. Some ‘No’ campaigners faced difficulties renting premises for events or had their events cancelled by the authorities or venue proprietors, often on short notice.”


La Grèce, Chypre, l’Italie et Israël signent “Est Med” le nouveau projet de Gazoduc en Méditerranée de l’Est (FR/en)

Les ministres de l’Énergie de l’Italie, la Grèce, Chypre et Israël ainsi que Miguel Arias Canete, Commissaire européen pour l’action sur le climat et l’énergie, se sont engagés,  début  Avril, depuis Tel-Aviv, à faire avancer un projet de gazoduc sous-marin reliant la Méditerranée orientale au sud de l’Europe. Ainsi, tous les six mois, les ministres de l’Energie des pays concernés se réuniront pour le suivi d’un dossier ouvert depuis 2015.

Selon  le Commissaire d’Énergie le projet “satisferait quand même à l’ensemble des conditions requises pour rendre un engagement financier possible.”

M.Canete a aussi noté que Chypre et Israël étaient “très fiables” comme des fournisseurs d’énergie  et que leurs réserves à gaz pourraient faire une contribution de valeur à la stratégie de l’UE “de diversifier les sources, les trajets des gazoducs et les fournisseurs.” Il a admis que ce projet aiderait à limiter la dépendance énergétique via le Nord Stream vis à vis la Russie pour sécuriser la transition d’approvisionnement énergétique au vieux continent.  

gas pipeline network russia europe

Depuis plusieurs années, la Méditerranée orientale est devenue une zone d’exploration gazière très active, notamment après la découverte d’importants gisements gaziers au large d’Israël,  de Chypre et de l’Egypte. 
La Turquie, le Liban et la Syrie comptent bien de ne pas se laisser écartés  dans cette “bataille” de devenir aussi des carrefours énergétiques entre l’Asie et l’Europe.

 Rappelons parallèlement que Chypre est coupée en deux – entre partie occupée par l’armée turque et la partie chypriote – depuis plus de 40 ans.

Développé avec le soutien de l’Union européenne, ce gazoduc baptisé EastMed serait le plus long ( 1 300 km sous-marin et 600 km terrestre) et le plus profond au monde. Il réduira la dépendance de l’Europe au gaz russe tout en permettant un nouveau débouché aux nouveaux champs d’hydrocarbures découverts à l’Est de la Méditerranée et situés au large des côtes israéliennes et chypriotes.

Selon IGI Poseidon – co-entreprise grecque détenue à parts égales par DEPA SA et Edison S.pA. qui détient 100% du projet – le gazoduc pourrait transporter 16 milliards de mètres cubes de gaz par an.

En outre, en décembre 2016, Israël a donné son autorisation pour la vente à la Grèce de deux champs gaziers situés dans la zone, brisant le monopole d’un consortium formé par la compagnie américaine Noble Energy et le groupe israélien Delek. Un accord d’autant plus important qu’ils renforcent les relations entre les gouvernements grecs et israéliens alors qu’Israël mène un projet de construction de gazoducs en Méditerranée, avais-je alors indiqué.

Le chantier devrait coûter 6,2 mrds$ (5,8 mrds€) pour une mise en service en 2025. Les études de faisabilité financière du projet sont déjà finalisées mais devront désormais prendre en compte une nouvelle donnée pour le calcul de la rentabilité : la chute du prix des hydrocarbures.

Précisions de taille : un accord de délimitation des zones économiques exclusives a été conclu le 17 décembre 2010 entre Israël et Chypre, en vue de permettre aux deux pays la poursuite des recherches off-shore d’hydrocarbures de part et d’autre dans la partie orientale de la Méditerranée, de  gigantesques réserves de gaz ayant été alors découvertes dans la zone. Cette entente avait provoqué de vives réactions des pays voisins … Turquie, Syrie, Liban et l’Égypte voyant d’un mauvais œil la volonté hégémonique de l’Etat hébreu sur les gisements récemment découverts.

Selon les contrôles de la commission gouvernementale israélienne mise en place pour gérer un fonds d’exploitation des ventes, les recettes prévues des gisements Léviathan, Tamar et Dalit étaient alors  estimées à 100 voire à 130 milliards de dollars jusqu’en 2040.

Egalement, une haute responsable israélienne a déclaré pour sa part qu’Israël espérait pouvoir exporter du gaz vers la Turquie dès 2021. Israël espère en effet exporter ce gaz vers la Jordanie, l’Europe et la Turquie. Un premier accord a déjà été signé avec Amman en septembre 2016. Selon la responsable israélienne, un accord avec la Turquie devrait être finalisé d’ici l’été 2017.

Selon Hürriyet, tandis qu’Ankara a longtemps espéré que TANAP transformerait la Turquie comme la route principale pour le gaz naturel asiatique du Moyen-Orient et Central en ce qui concerne son acheminement en Europe, les efforts en cours de l’UE afin de diversifier ses voies d’approvisionnement changent l’échiquier d‘énergie dans la zone de Méditerranée Orientale.

Bien que le gazoduc Trans-Med ait été écarté par des analystes comme commercialement impraticable en raison du prix de gaz très bas, plusieurs contrats ont été signés récemment signés entre Chypre et des entreprises d’énergie internationales Le 5 avril, deux jours après le sommet Trans-Med, le Qatar Petroleum et ExxonMobil ont signé une exploration et un contrat en partageant l’exploration et la production avec la République Chypriote au sein du  Bloc 10 dans la zone économique exclusive chypriote.

En mars, le géant d’énergie italien Eni a annoncé qu’il avait acheté les droits d’exploitation à 50% concernant le Bloc 11 qui appartenait à Total S.A. Le bloc 11 est adjacent à la concession Shorouk de l’Égypte dans laquelle Eni a fait l’immense découverte en 2015 du gisement de gaz naturel Zohr qui reste comme la plus grande découverte de gaz naturel en Méditerranée Orientale. Le domaine Zohr de l’Égypte, contient 850 milliards de centimètres cubes de gaz naturel, dont 50 à 60 pour cent peuvent être exploités . Si le réservoir de carbonate de Zohr s’étend à travers la frontière entre l’Égypte et les zones économiques exclusives de Chypre, il y a la possibilité que Chypre a des réserves de gaz naturel majeures dans le Bloc 11.

Eastern Mediterranean EEZ


DW.COM: The planned pipeline – stretching about 2,000 kilometers (1,248 miles) on the bed of the Mediterranean Sea – aims to link gas fields off the coasts of Israel and Cyprus with Greece and possibly Italy, at a cost of up to 6 billion euros ($6.4 billion).
After a meeting in Tel Aviv in early April, between energy ministers from Israel, Cyprus, Greece and Italy, European Climate and Energy Commissioner Miguel Arias Canete told reporters he believed the project would “meet all relevant requirements” to make a financial commitment possible.

Canete also noted that Cyprus and Israel were “very reliable” suppliers, and that their gas reserves could make a valuable contribution to the EU’s strategy to “diversify sources, routes and suppliers.”

Canete admitted it would help limit reliance on the Nord Stream pipeline via Russia, which he said “adds nothing to the security of supply.”

  • Sources:AFP, Reuters, L’Orient le Jour, Mondialisation.ca, DW.de, Hurriyet, Keep Talking Greece